domingo, 17 de septiembre de 2017

Portfolio Entry #7 - FROM PARAGRAPH TO ESSAY


From paragraph to essay by Cristian Zarza

Sources:
  • Mnecidisi Christian Maphalala (2017), University of Zululand, South Africa "The classroom as learning communities" Retrived September 17, 2017 from Sabinet: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-77db5849d?fromSearch=true
  • CL Gray (2015) "Allergic prevention: Something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue" Retrevied September 17, 2017 from Sabinet: https://journals.co.za/content/caci/28/3/EJC175909?fromSearch=true
  • Teshni Moodley (20) "Runny nose - Not always allergy" Retreived September 17. 2017 from Sabinet: https://journals.co.za/content/caci/23/1/EJC22541?fromSearch=true
  • What is better purchase: LCD TV or Plasma TV?" Retreived September 17. 2017 from Pencraft: https://academichelp.net/samples/academics/essays/compare-contrast/lcd-vs-plasma.html

viernes, 8 de septiembre de 2017

Portfolio Entry #6 - WELL WRITEN PARAGRAPH


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How to write a good paragraph

Topic sentence
  • You start with a topic sentence.
  • Decide what you will be writing about ( topic, genre, field, goal, audience, etc.)
  • Topic sentences often can be personal opinions.
  • Don't overload it with details. Save it for the body of the paragraph!
Body
  • Write in a fixed order so your readers can follow the reading (Chronology)
  • Write from least important argument to the most important (Orden of important)
Closing sentences
  • You remaind your audience what they are reading.
  • Your main objective is to make your readers keep thinking.

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Examples of Topic sentences:
  1. I saw around Velva a release from what was like slavery to the tyrannical soil, release from the ignorance that darkens the soul and from the loneliness that corrodes it. In this generation my Velva friends have rejoined the general American society that their pioneering fathers left behind when they first made the barren trek in the days of the wheat rush. As I sit here in Washington writing this, I can feel their nearness. (from Eric Sevareid, "Velva, North Dakota"

    Explanation: Sevareid argues that farming is destructive as a way of life, no matter what romantic notions are attached to it. He is not writing about the productivity of farms, about his own life story ("I grew up on a family-sized farm..."), and his main point is not that people moved away from the cities in the late the nineteenth century.
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  2. The first is the wear-and-tear hypothesis that suggests the body eventually succumbs to the environmental insults of life. The second is the notion that we have an internal clock which is genetically programmed to run down. Supporters of the wear-and-tear theory maintain that the very practice of breathing causes us to age because inhaled oxygen produces toxic by-products. Advocates of the internal clock theory believe that individual cells are told to stop dividing and thus eventually to die by, for example, hormones produced by the brain or by their own genes. (from Debra Blank, "The Eternal Quest")

    Explanation: This paragraph is a straightforward description of two possibilities, neither of which is preferred over the other. In this case, it would be wrong to mention only one of the possibilities (the "internal time clock") in the topic sentence, or to treat it as a philosophical discussion of death itself ("we all must die..."). As for the biology professor, He or she might very well have given an interesting lecture, but that has nothing to do with the content of the paragraph.
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  3. In Montreal, a flashing red traffic light instructs drivers to careen even more wildly through intersections heavily populated with pedestrians and oncoming vehicles. In startling contrast, an amber light in Calgary warns drivers to scream to a halt on the off chance that there might be a pedestrian within 500 meters who might consider crossing at some unspecified time within the current day. In my home town in New Brunswick, finally, traffic lights (along with painted lines and posted speed limits) do not apply to tractors, all terrain vehicles, or pickup trucks, which together account for most vehicles on the road. In fact, were any observant Canadian dropped from an alien space vessel at an unspecified intersection anywhere in this vast land, he or she could almost certainly orient him-or-herself according to the surrounding traffic patterns.

    Explanation: It is not enough simply to list all of the arguments in the paragraph ("People in Montreal drive faster..."), or to pick only one point to hilight ("People in Calgary are careful of pedestrians"). Instead, the topic sentence should highlight the interpretative nature of driving habits and their regional variations. Since the paragraph stresses the differences among drivers in different parts of the country, it would be entirely wrong simply to state in the topic sentence that "Canadians do not follow traffic signals properly."
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Dorothy Turner. Writing paragraphs: "Review: Topic Sentences". Retrieved September 8, 2017 from The writing centre - University of oUttawa's website http://arts.uottawa.ca/writingcentre/en/hypergrammar/writing-paragraphs/review-topic-sentences
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jueves, 11 de mayo de 2017

Portfolio Entry #3 - SPEECH ACTS


There are two types of statements that can be categorised into two different terms: Constatives and performatives. Constantives are sentences that describe something true or flase. On the other hand, performatives are sentences that denotes actions. These actions(words) depends on context and reception (Felicity conditions) in order to be implemented in the world. When words are considered actions themselves, they are considered speech acts and they include the functions of ordering, requestion and so on. However, permofatives can be followed or ignored.